Brutus – 42 BC

 Marcus Junius Brutus

Imperator, 44 – 42 BC
Born 85 BC – Died 42 BC, age 43


Marcus Junius Brutus, perhaps the most famous assassin known to history, descended from a long line of distinguished Roman Republican ancestors. According to Roman tradition, one of these, Lucius Junius Brutus, the so-called “Founder of the Republic” and Consul in 504 BC, took a leading part in expelling King Thrquinius Superbus, the last of the Etruscan Kings. In 54 BC, as Moneyer of the Rome Mint, Brutus issued silver denani honoring two of his most illustrious ancestors, the previously mentioned Lucius and C. Servilius Ahala, Master of Horse in 439 BC, celebrating the commitment of his family to the freedom of the Republic.

Brutus was the son of Marcus Junius and Servilia. His mother was the half-sister of Cato Uticensis. Despite the fact that his father was killed in 77 BC by Pompey, Brutus sided with Pompey in 48 BC in the war against Caesar. Why Brutus would support the man who killed his father is not entirely known. He was brought up in a strict Republican household no doubt. However, Caesar was also known for his affair with Brutus’ mother, which has raised speculation that Brutus might have been the son of Caesar.

Following the defeat of Pompey at the Battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC, Caesar pardoned Brutus and appointed him to the Governorship of Cisalpine Gaul. Caesar’s kind treatment of Brutus, despite the continuing criticism of Caesar’s dictatorship, continued through the next several years. In 44 BC, Brutus was made praetor and also received the governorship of Macedonia – an extremely profitable position.

In 44 BC, Brutus came under the strong influence of Gaius Cassius, a bitter enemy of Caesar. Brutus then became a leader in the group of irreconcilable nobles in an assassination plot against Julius Caesar. The assassins surrounded Caesar in the Senate chambers on March 15th, 44 BC – the Ides of March. Cassius was first stabbing Caesar in the neck, with Brutus delivering the fatal and final wound. The immediate public outcry, skillfully orchestrated by Marc Antony, forced Brutus and Cassius to flee to Macedonia.

Gold Aureus & Silver Denarius
Bare Head of Brutus – Assassination of Caesar

Rome was entering yet another civil war in the aftermath of the assassination of Julius Caesar. Cassius Dio tells us that Brutus broke with the Republican tradition of banning the portraits of living Roman citizens on his coinage. “And also on the coins, which he caused to be struck, he exhibited a likeness of himself, and a cap and two daggers…” The assassination was now being advertised by Brutus telling the world of his honorable deed.

Gold Aureus with military trophy promising victory

While in Macedonia, Brutus assembled a considerable army simultaneously keeping his lines of communication open to Rome. Although the Senate did not initially approve of Brutus’ occupation in Greece, having granted him another province instead, they eventually legalized his occupation in February 43 BC. In the summer of 42 BC, Brutus was joined by his co-conspirator, Cassius with his Syrian army where they planned to meet the forces of Antony and Octavian (Octavian being ill at the time of battle). In the ensuing two battles at Philippi in Thessaly the legions of Brutus and Cassius proved to be no match for Antony. Rather than be captured, the two co-conspirators each separately committed suicide, Brutus by falling on a friend’s sword. Octavian brought Brutus’ severed head back to Rome and threw it at the foot of Caesar’s statue to show to all in Rome that Caesar’s death had been avenged.

Although many have argued that Brutus’ cause may have been noble, his motives were less so. His actions and association with the noblemen and special interest groups of Rome professed the goal of the restoration of the Republic. In actual fact, Brutus seemed preoccupied with monopolizing commercial advantage and government appointments. It is clear that the plot against Caesar was far from noble and in reality may have been more of an attempt at removing Caesar who was becoming a direct threat to the financial security of the monopolistic noble class that dominated the Roman Senate.


Monetary System

Roman Silver Denarius issued by Brutus

Mints: Military moving mint

Obverse Legends:

BRVTVS IMP
Q.CAEPIO BRVTVS IMP
CAEPIO BRVTVS PRO COS
BRVT IMP – I PLAET CEST


DENOMINATIONS

AU Aureus (6.54 grams)
AR Denarius (4.61 grams)
AR Quinarius

Note: Silver content average 96%

 

749 thoughts on “Brutus – 42 BC”

  1. Pingback: cialis discount
  2. Pingback: cialis for sale
  3. Pingback: cialis vs viagra
  4. Pingback: ed meds online
  5. Pingback: Real cialis online
  6. Pingback: levitra coupon
  7. Pingback: levitra 20mg
  8. Pingback: levitra 10mg
  9. Pingback: payday advance
  10. Pingback: cash loan
  11. Pingback: viagra for sale
  12. Pingback: cialis 5 mg
  13. Pingback: parx casino online
  14. Pingback: 20 cialis
  15. Pingback: 5 mg cialis
  16. Pingback: johnson
  17. Pingback: cialis 5 mg
  18. Pingback: cialis internet
  19. Pingback: cialis 5 mg
  20. Pingback: viagra canada
  21. Pingback: casino slot
  22. Pingback: free casino games
  23. Pingback: buy viagra
  24. Pingback: viagra for sale
  25. Pingback: cialis pills
  26. Pingback: viagra buy
  27. Pingback: cialis 5 mg
  28. Pingback: buy viagra on line
  29. Pingback: viagra generic
  30. Pingback: chumba casino
  31. Pingback: calais
  32. Pingback: Viagra 50mg price
  33. Pingback: online cialis
  34. Pingback: cialis online
  35. Pingback: viagra substitute
  36. Pingback: cheap Cialis 80 mg
  37. Pingback: buy sildenafil
  38. Pingback: viagra pills
  39. Pingback: propecia 1mg otc
  40. Pingback: viagra for sale
  41. Pingback: viagra 100mg
  42. Pingback: buy generic viagra
  43. Pingback: buy abilify 20 mg
  44. Pingback: cost of actos 15mg
  45. Pingback: cialis 1800
  46. Pingback: buy cialis
  47. Pingback: benicar 10 mg otc
  48. Pingback: generic viagra
  49. Pingback: buy catapres
  50. Pingback: viagra erection
  51. Pingback: ceftin 125 mg otc
  52. Pingback: cheap celebrex
  53. Pingback: celexa for sale
  54. Pingback: casinos
  55. Pingback: buy viagra online
  56. Pingback: casino slot games
  57. Pingback: slot machine
  58. Pingback: casino online
  59. Pingback: online casino
  60. Pingback: best online casino
  61. Pingback: generic ed pills
  62. Pingback: erie car insurance
  63. Pingback: best car insurance
  64. Pingback: small payday loans
  65. Pingback: cbd pills for sale
  66. Pingback: payday loans
  67. Pingback: online homework
  68. Pingback: essay writings
  69. Pingback: homework for pre k
  70. Pingback: Real viagra
  71. Pingback: coreg nz
  72. Pingback: crestor cost
  73. Pingback: cymbalta cost
  74. Pingback: depakote australia
  75. Pingback: cost of differin
  76. Pingback: doxycycline cost
  77. Pingback: elavil 50 mg otc
  78. Pingback: flomax 0,4mg nz
  79. Pingback: geodon 20 mg cost
  80. Pingback: ed doctor
  81. Pingback: hyzaar pharmacy
  82. Pingback: viagra 100mg price
  83. Pingback: lopid tablet
  84. Pingback: lopressor 25mg nz
  85. Pingback: luvox canada
  86. Pingback: cheap macrobid
  87. Pingback: buy mestinon
  88. Pingback: micardis 20mg cost
  89. Pingback: cheap mobic
  90. Pingback: buy Plaquenil
  91. Pingback: buy cheap viagra
  92. Pingback: proscar otc
  93. Pingback: order viagra soft
  94. Pingback: buy provigil
  95. Pingback: reglan purchase
  96. Pingback: allegra 6
  97. Pingback: revatio coupon
  98. Pingback: risperdal price
  99. Pingback: otc zyrtec price
  100. Pingback: rogaine 5% cost
  101. Pingback: order tenormin
  102. Pingback: generic viagra
  103. Pingback: toprol 100mg uk
  104. Pingback: valtrex pharmacy
  105. Pingback: vantin 100mg pills
  106. Pingback: verapamil otc
  107. Pingback: voltaren 100mg uk
  108. Pingback: brand viagra uk
  109. Pingback: zithromax 500mg
  110. Pingback: cheapest zyloprim
  111. Pingback: zyprexa cheap
  112. Pingback: cost of sildenafil
  113. Pingback: tadalafil pharmacy
  114. Pingback: buy aripiprazole
  115. Pingback: buy spironolactone
  116. Pingback: irbesartan generic
  117. Pingback: buy sildenafil
  118. Pingback: cephalexin canada
  119. Pingback: cialis generic
  120. Pingback: clindamycin tablet
  121. Pingback: tadalafil generic
  122. Pingback: warfarin tablets
  123. Pingback: buy generic viagra
  124. Pingback: permethrin nz
  125. Pingback: 141generic2Exare
  126. Pingback: wootheextewly
  127. Pingback: mfbmzqdv
  128. Pingback: cialis
  129. Pingback: the best ed pill
  130. Pingback: ed treatments
  131. Pingback: buy alendronate
  132. Pingback: ed pills that work
  133. Pingback: how much is viagra
  134. Pingback: lasix 40 mg
  135. Pingback: buy ciplox generic
  136. Pingback: viagra ebay
  137. Pingback: cheapest digoxinmg
  138. Pingback: albuterol 63
  139. Pingback: how much is viagra
  140. Pingback: clomid iui twins
  141. Pingback: prednisone priligy
  142. Pingback: prix propecia
  143. Pingback: metformin for pcos
  144. Pingback: paxil wiki
  145. Pingback: clomid coupon
  146. Pingback: metformin 1 mg
  147. Pingback: best otc ed pills
  148. Pingback: best ed pills
  149. Pingback: buy cialis 36 hour
  150. Pingback: cialis 20 mg cost
  151. Pingback: lisinopril 422
  152. Pingback: ed remedies
  153. Pingback: viagra from india
  154. Pingback: muse ed drug
  155. Pingback: ed treatment
  156. Pingback: buy ivermectin uk
  157. Pingback: drugs causing ed
  158. Pingback: ed medicines
  159. Pingback: viagra from india
  160. Pingback: mexican viagra
  161. Pingback: cialis mail order
  162. Pingback: zithromax coupon
  163. Pingback: stromectol 0.5 mg
  164. Pingback: overcoming ed
  165. Pingback: aspirin and ed
  166. Pingback: ivermectin 5
  167. Pingback: sildenafil 50 mg
  168. Pingback: viagra
  169. Pingback: ed pills otc
  170. Pingback: can ed be cured
  171. Pingback: cheap ed drugs
  172. Pingback: overnight cialis
  173. Pingback: order viagra
  174. Pingback: sildenafil 20mg
  175. Pingback: cialis 5mg
  176. Pingback: 60 mg sildenafil
  177. Pingback: cialis medication
  178. Pingback: sildenafil citrate
  179. Pingback: ivermectin brand
  180. Pingback: vibramycin 100 mg
  181. Pingback: tadalafil cost
  182. Pingback: tadalafil
  183. Pingback: ed dysfunction
  184. Pingback: viagra buy online
  185. Pingback: generic tamoxifen
  186. Pingback: prednisone cream
  187. Pingback: ivermectin oral
  188. Pingback: generic ivermectin
  189. Pingback: otc z pack
  190. Pingback: canada ed drugs
  191. Pingback: viagra pornhub
  192. Pingback: ivermectin tablets
  193. Pingback: viagra for women
  194. Pingback: amoxil 500 mg
  195. Pingback: viagra coupons
  196. Pingback: gabapentin 500
  197. Pingback: plaquenil online
  198. Pingback: avana cream
  199. Pingback: cost of modafinil
  200. Pingback: ivermectin 3
  201. Pingback: ventolin 2018
  202. Pingback: zithromax purchase
  203. Pingback: viagra price
  204. Pingback: 800mg neurontin
  205. Pingback: viagra 100mg
  206. Pingback: plaquenil 150 mg
  207. Pingback: modafinil coupon
  208. Pingback: buy viagra
  209. Pingback: ventolin 2
  210. Pingback: zithromax 500 mg
  211. Pingback: buy viagra cheap
  212. Pingback: valtrex medication
  213. Pingback: viagra gum
  214. Pingback: viagra or cialis
  215. Pingback: cost of viagra
  216. Pingback: cheap viagra
  217. Pingback: plaquenil 20 mg
  218. Pingback: cialis or viagra
  219. Pingback: buy stromectol uk
  220. Pingback: hydroxychloroquine
  221. Pingback: stromectol otc
  222. Pingback: ed drugs list
  223. Pingback: viagra sildenafil
  224. Pingback: generic ed drugs
  225. Pingback: Copegus
  226. Pingback: navarro pharmacy
  227. Pingback: Prasugrel
  228. Pingback: ivermectin 3 mg
  229. Pingback: ivermectin 5ml
  230. Pingback: liquid ivermectin
  231. Pingback: expired albuterol
  232. Pingback: ivermectin
  233. Pingback: flcc email
  234. Pingback: lumigan cost
  235. Pingback: baricitinib covid
  236. Pingback: molnupiravir cost
  237. Pingback: Shallaki
  238. Pingback: tizanidine 4 mg
  239. Pingback: aralen 20 mg
  240. Pingback: nolvadex europe
  241. Pingback: 10 zanaflex
  242. Pingback: order ivermectin
  243. Pingback: Remeron
  244. Pingback: ivermectin 10 ml
  245. Pingback: ivermectin 50ml
  246. Pingback: ivermectin 400 mg
  247. Pingback: ivermectin india
  248. Pingback: ivermectin generic
  249. Pingback: ivermectin 18mg
  250. Pingback: stromectol uk
  251. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  252. Pingback: madridbet
  253. Pingback: meritking
  254. Pingback: peptide tadalafil
  255. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  256. Pingback: elexusbet
  257. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  258. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  259. Pingback: buy tadalafil
  260. Pingback: ivermectin 3 mg
  261. Pingback: citalis
  262. Pingback: tadalafil generico
  263. Pingback: baymavi
  264. Pingback: baymavi
  265. Pingback: ivermectin gel
  266. Pingback: cialis price
  267. Pingback: tombala siteleri
  268. Pingback: what is cialis
  269. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  270. Pingback: cialis best price
  271. Pingback: eurocasino
  272. Pingback: ivermectin gold
  273. Pingback: ivermectin 250ml
  274. Pingback: ivermectin ebay
  275. Pingback: cialis pills
  276. Pingback: ivermectin brand
  277. Pingback: ivermectin powder
  278. Pingback: ivermectin human
  279. Pingback: lasix 10 mg price
  280. Pingback: lasix 100 mg
  281. Pingback: ivermectin cream 1
  282. Pingback: stromectol preis
  283. Pingback: madridbet giriş
  284. Pingback: stromectol nz
  285. Pingback: ivermectin 400 mg
  286. Pingback: clomid uk sale
  287. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  288. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  289. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  290. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  291. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  292. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  293. Pingback: stromectol merck
  294. Pingback: meritroyalbet
  295. Pingback: ivermectin 3
  296. Pingback: child porn
  297. Pingback: child porn
  298. Pingback: fuck google
  299. Pingback: grandpashabet
  300. Pingback: best ed pills
  301. Pingback: ed clinics
  302. Pingback: cialis paypal
  303. Pingback: stromectol nz
  304. Pingback: bahis siteleri
  305. Pingback: ivermectina
  306. Pingback: DPTPtNqS
  307. Pingback: qQ8KZZE6
  308. Pingback: D6tuzANh
  309. Pingback: SHKALA TONOV
  310. Pingback: 3NOZC44
  311. Pingback: Psikholog
  312. Pingback: 1procrastination

Comments are closed.