Elagabalus – 218-222AD


218-222 AD

The emperor known to history as Elagabalus, takes his name from the sun-god of Emesa for which he had been made high priest on May 16th, 218 AD. Elagabalus was actually born about 205 AD as Varius Avitus Bassianus and later became known as “Marcus Aurelius Antoninus”, the formal name found in titles and on his coinage. Elagabalus was born at Emesa the son of Sextus Varius Marcellus and Julia Soaemias, the daughter of Julia Maesa and grandson of the empress Julia Domna. He was related to Septimus Severus only through marraige but was the cousin of the emperor Caracalla.

With the assassination of Caracalla in 217 AD, power passed to the Praetorian Prefect Macrinus. At first, Macrinus made no threat against his mother Julia Domna who was living in Antioch at the time. Julia Domna, however, would not stay out of politics and eventually Macrinus was forced to order her to leave Antioch. Julia refused and instead starved herself to death. It is most likely that she was dying of cancer in any event.

The Severian women were very domineering, a trait that seems to have inflected the entire family. Julia Domna’s sister was certainly no exception. Julia Maesa began to make her plans to grab power using her grandson Elagabalus in 217 AD. She managed to smuggle Elagabalus into the camp of the Third Legion in Syria and by morning had convinced the troops that they should proclaim her grandson emperor of Rome.

Macrinus attempted to win back the loyality of the troops by paying a donative. However, his recent reforms of the military made him very unpopular and instead he was forced to flee Antioch in a futile attempt to make it back to Rome. The rebels overtook Macrinus and executed him as well as his son Diadumenian who was attempting to flee to Parthia. Thus began the reign of Elagabalus who would become one of the most notorius emperors of Rome sharing that distinction with Caligula, Nero, Commodus and Caracalla before him. Elagabalus was accepted by the Senate as Emperor and began his journey to Rome in 219 departing from Nicomedia.

The Black Stone From God

Gold Aureus Stone of Emesa

When Elagabalus departed for Rome, he also took with him the famous black stone symbol of the sun-god Elagabalus from the temple at Emesa in Syria. Herodian described this Stone of Emesa as being rounded at its base and rising to a point at its top. There were a few rough projections, in which people believed they saw an image of the sun. This black stone was most likely a metior lending its legend that it came from heaven as a gift from the god to mankind. Therefore, the role of the priest and the possession of this stone was of great symbolic power.

Elagabalus had been made high priest of the sun-god cult when he was very young. Both he and his mother were religious fanatics and went as far as to take their eastern god to reign over all Roman gods in Rome itself. He constructed a very large temple adjacent to the Colosseum on the Palatine Hill. A second temple was erected just outside of Rome. He and his family would walk backwards in a procession before the stone as it was brought to the second temple outside of Rome during a midsummer festival. Cassio Dio describes sacrifices of both annimals and young boys. They made it mandatory for all to worship at the Shine of the sun-god including Jews and Christians. The sun-god was supreme and all other gods were subordinate to it. His religious practices drew sharp criticism when in 220 AD Elagabalus divorced his first wife Julia Paula and took a Vestal Virgin as his wife – Aquileia Severa. Vesteral Virgins had been burried alive for breaking their vows even during the reign of Caracalla. Against the advice of his mother and grandmother, Elagabalus married Aquileia arguing that a union between the high priest and priestess would be born a son of god. But this religious taboo led to so much outrage, that Aquileia had to be divorced and a third wife Annia Faustina was selected.

For all of Elagabalus’ religious positions and many wives, he was also very notorius for being a bisexual who also enjoyed dressing up and playing the part of a woman. Cassio Dio tells us that Elagabalus even married a male slave named Hierocles and enjoyed being beaten by him as if he was Hierocles’ female salve. Other men who slept with him were given high positions in government. As such, respect for the state as a whole declined. Elagabalus even went as far as to ask doctors if they could medically transform him into a woman and carried out his own experiments by cutting off the genitles of young men as a sacrifice to his sun-god.

The totality of his behaviour led to his loss of loyality among the troops. Rebellions began as early as 218 AD when the Third Legion in Syria attempted a rebellion. This was followed by the Fourth Legion and later by the Roman Fleet. By 221 AD, his family convinced Elagabalus to adopt his cousin of 13 Severus Alexander, who was the son of his mother’s sister, Julia Mamaea.

Alexander began to clearly emerge as the favorite among the Praetorian Guard. Sometime in late 221, Elagabalus tried to order the death of Alexander but no one would carry out the execution. Finally, on March 11th, 212 AD, when Elagabalus visted the Praetorian camp, he found open support for Alexander and tried to order the arrest and execution of those offenders. Instead, the soldiers refused and Elagabalus tried to flee but was hunted down and murdered along with his mother. Thus, Severus Alexander was hailed as emperor of Rome.

His reign was notorious for religious fanaticism, for cruelty, bloodshed and excesses of every description, and there was general satisfaction when, on March 6th, 222, Elagabalus and his mother Julia Soaemias were murdered in the praetorian camp. Their bodies were dragged through the streets of Rome and thrown into the Tiber.

Titles and Powers, 218-222 AD

Yr Tribunician Power Imp Consul Other

219 TR.P.II. COS.II.
221 TR.P.IIII.

Note: Elagabalus received the Tribunician Power on January 1st, 219 AD, and it was renewed each year on that date.

Monetary System

Mints: Rome; Antioch (Other Eastern mints ?)

Obverse Legends:


Portrait Styles:

The double denominations of the antoninianus and dupondius were still denoted by a portrait of the emperor wearing a radiate crown. All other denominations depict the emperor with a laurete wreath. Elagabalus on some later issues is depicted with a small horn projecting from his forehead. This was an eastern symbol of divine power.


AU Aureus (6.54 grammes)
AU Quinarius (4.61 grammes)
AR Antoninianus (=2 denarii)
AR Denarius
AR Quinarius
Æ Sesterius
Æ Dupondius
Æ As

Horned Bust of Elagabalus

AR Denarius
Æ As

Stone of Emesa Issues

AU Aureus
AR Denarius


704 thoughts on “Elagabalus – 218-222AD”

  1. Pingback: 他妈的谷歌
  2. Pingback: 手錶手機色情
  3. Pingback: buca escort
  4. Pingback: kadıköy escort
  5. Pingback: porno izleeeee
  6. Pingback: 他妈的谷歌
  7. Pingback: film izle
  8. Pingback: siktir git
  9. Pingback: siktir
  10. Pingback: siktir git
  11. Pingback: dolandırıcı pic
  12. Pingback: 他媽的
  13. Pingback: sikik
  14. Pingback: sik kafa
  15. Pingback: porno
  16. Pingback: porno
  17. Pingback: google fuck
  18. Pingback: bahis siteleri
  19. Pingback: bahis siteleri
  20. Pingback: bahis siteleri
  21. Pingback: sportotobet
  22. Pingback: betebet
  23. Pingback: betebet
  24. Pingback: viagra samples
  25. Pingback: cialis 5mg
  26. Pingback: top ed pills
  27. Pingback: online ed pills
  28. Pingback: pills for ed
  29. Pingback: Cialis in usa
  30. Pingback: levitra pill
  31. Pingback: levitra 10mg
  32. Pingback: red dog casino
  33. Pingback: online viagra
  34. Pingback: real online casino
  35. Pingback: tadalafil 20
  36. Pingback: cash loans
  37. Pingback: viagra for sale
  38. Pingback: real money casino
  39. Pingback: cialis 5 mg
  40. Pingback: Planet7
  41. Pingback: generic cialis
  42. Pingback: online casino usa
  43. Pingback: cialis 5 mg
  44. Pingback: new cialis
  45. Pingback: cialis generic
  46. Pingback: online slots
  47. Pingback: slot machines
  48. Pingback: hollywood casino
  49. Pingback: sildenafil price
  50. Pingback: viagra prices
  51. Pingback: cialis buy online
  52. Pingback: buy viagra cheap
  53. Pingback: mens ed pills
  54. Pingback: buy cialis pills
  55. Pingback: viagra connect
  56. Pingback: viagra buy
  57. Pingback: cialis price
  58. Pingback: casino real money
  59. Pingback: buy Viagra 120mg
  60. Pingback: Viagra 25 mg pills
  61. Pingback: viagra online
  62. Pingback: cialis online
  63. Pingback: Cialis 10mg prices
  64. Pingback: viagra online
  65. Pingback: viagra 100mg
  66. Pingback: buy viagra
  67. Pingback: tadalafil 20mg otc
  68. Pingback: propecia 1mg otc
  69. Pingback: cialis 20 mg
  70. Pingback: amaryl 1 mg pills
  71. Pingback: cialis warnings
  72. Pingback: buy cialis
  73. Pingback: cardizem otc
  74. Pingback: buy viagra europe
  75. Pingback: casodex 50 mg uk
  76. Pingback: ceclor 500mg cost
  77. Pingback: claritin coupon
  78. Pingback: online slots
  79. Pingback: casino real money
  80. Pingback: free slots
  81. Pingback: casino online
  82. Pingback: american viagra
  83. Pingback: Buy viagra com
  84. Pingback: custom essays
  85. Pingback: cleocin online
  86. Pingback: clomid generic
  87. Pingback: buy clozaril
  88. Pingback: coreg cheap
  89. Pingback: cozaar online
  90. Pingback: cymbalta pills
  91. Pingback: dapsone caps cost
  92. Pingback: Canada viagra
  93. Pingback: ddavp 10mcg canada
  94. Pingback: depakote uk
  95. Pingback: diltiazem pills
  96. Pingback: etodolac prices
  97. Pingback: flomax 0,4mg price
  98. Pingback: imitrex generic
  99. Pingback: imodium cost
  100. Pingback: lamisil 250mg uk
  101. Pingback: lopid pills
  102. Pingback: cheap lopressor
  103. Pingback: macrobid uk
  104. Pingback: motrin 200 mg cost
  105. Pingback: how to buy viagra
  106. Pingback: periactin canada
  107. Pingback: phenergan nz
  108. Pingback: prevacid cheap
  109. Pingback: prilosec 40 mg uk
  110. Pingback: female pink viagra
  111. Pingback: buy pyridium
  112. Pingback: remeron cheap
  113. Pingback: cheapest robaxin
  114. Pingback: rogaine tablets
  115. Pingback: singulair purchase
  116. Pingback: skelaxin nz
  117. Pingback: order spiriva
  118. Pingback: toprol price
  119. Pingback: tricor coupon
  120. Pingback: order valtrex
  121. Pingback: verapamil canada
  122. Pingback: wellbutrin usa
  123. Pingback: try this web-site
  124. Pingback: zovirax for sale
  125. Pingback: cheap zyloprim
  126. Pingback: cost of donepezil
  127. Pingback: cheap anastrozole
  128. Pingback: irbesartan price
  129. Pingback: cephalexin prices
  130. Pingback: loratadine pills
  131. Pingback: order clindamycin
  132. Pingback: buy clozapine
  133. Pingback: buy trazodone
  134. Pingback: oxybutynin prices
  135. Pingback: doxycycline price
  136. Pingback: venlafaxine otc
  137. Pingback: wnryzmhi
  138. Pingback: etodolac pills
  139. Pingback: cheap tamsulosin
  140. Pingback: cheap azathioprine
  141. Pingback: lasix 160 mg
  142. Pingback: ivermectin pills
  143. Pingback: doxycycline.
  144. Pingback: clomid for sale
  145. Pingback: diflucan.
  146. Pingback: propecia buy
  147. Pingback: paxil weaning
  148. Pingback: lasix 60
  149. Pingback: tinderentrar.com
  150. Pingback: free yahoo dating
  151. Pingback: cheap viagra
  152. Pingback: order viagra
  153. Pingback: viagra online usa
  154. Pingback: cialis germany
  155. Pingback: cialis samples
  156. Pingback: cialis usa
  157. Pingback: sildenafil
  158. Pingback: tadalafil warnings
  159. Pingback: viagra sample
  160. Pingback: viagracarme
  161. Pingback: get cialis
  162. Pingback: cialis softgel
  163. Pingback: ivermectin dosing
  164. Pingback: cheap ventolin hfa
  165. Pingback: cialis generic
  166. Pingback: zithromax for stds
  167. Pingback: sildenafil coupon
  168. Pingback: viagra sale
  169. Pingback: women viagra
  170. Pingback: viagra use
  171. Pingback: viagra in india
  172. Pingback: amoxicillin drug
  173. Pingback: lasix 120 mg daily
  174. Pingback: 1500 mg gabapentin
  175. Pingback: viagras
  176. Pingback: 1250 mg prednisone
  177. Pingback: avana 522
  178. Pingback: buy provigil modup
  179. Pingback: stromectol buy uk
  180. Pingback: zithromax cost
  181. Pingback: levitra vs viagra
  182. Pingback: women take viagra
  183. Pingback: quineprox 60 mg
  184. Pingback: prednisone 40
  185. Pingback: 800mg modafinil
  186. Pingback: taking viagra
  187. Pingback: viagra dosage
  188. Pingback: generic for viagra
  189. Pingback: walgreens viagra
  190. Pingback: sildenafil revatio
  191. Pingback: goodrx sildenafil
  192. Pingback: order molnupiravir
  193. Pingback: rx zanaflex
  194. Pingback: tamoxifen 10 mg
  195. Pingback: 12 mg zanaflex
  196. Pingback: mulnupiravir
  197. Pingback: sildenafil actavis
  198. Pingback: ivermectin generic
  199. Pingback: chewable viagra
  200. Pingback: stromectol at
  201. Pingback: sildenafil tablets
  202. Pingback: what is cialis
  203. Pingback: cialis women
  204. Pingback: cheap cialis
  205. Pingback: cheap cialis india
  206. Pingback: casino online usa
  207. Pingback: viagra erection
  208. Pingback: cialis online
  209. Pingback: top online casinos
  210. Pingback: cheap cialis india
  211. Pingback: best online casino
  212. Pingback: ivermectin 9mg
  213. Pingback: ivermectin 5ml
  214. Pingback: stromectol prices
  215. Pingback: furosemide 30
  216. Pingback: stromectol to buy
  217. Pingback: stromectol usa
  218. Pingback: lucky slots
  219. Pingback: stromectol usa
  220. Pingback: ivermectin 2ml
  221. Pingback: ivermectin news
  222. Pingback: stromectol
  223. Pingback: tadalafil cvs
  224. Pingback: bahis siteleri
  225. Pingback: A片
  226. Pingback: clomiphene citrate
  227. Pingback: letrozole generic
  228. Pingback: priligy generic?
  229. Pingback: oral ivermectin?
  230. Pingback: kamagra fizzy tabs
  231. Pingback: ventolin
  232. Pingback: fildena india
  233. Pingback: strep Azithromycin
  234. Pingback: kamagra vs cialis
  235. Pingback: stromectol cvs
  236. Pingback: dapoxetine india
  237. Pingback: levitra kaufen
  238. Pingback: proair
  239. Pingback: poxet 60
  240. Pingback: ventolin hfa
  241. Pingback: androgel
  242. Pingback: cialis or levitra
  243. Pingback: Cenforce
  244. Pingback: nolvadex vs clomid
  245. Pingback: vidalista black
  246. Pingback: fildena us
  247. Pingback: clomid 50mg mexico
  248. Pingback: buy now priligy
  249. Pingback: kamagra sildenafil
  250. Pingback: vidalista 80
  251. Pingback: advair inhaler
  252. Pingback: cenforce 200

Comments are closed.