Pupienus – 238 AD


238 AD

Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus was a senator of Rome at the time of the deaths of Gordian I andGordian II in Carthage. The Senate, after having supported the Gordians and declared Maximinus I as a public enemy, had little choice but to find someone to defend the Senate itself. It was finally decided to elect two of their own members, Balbinus and Pupienus, two ex-consuls, to be joint rulers of the empire. This was an arrangement reminiscent of the consuls of the old republican era. They were certainly not young men but instead both were in their late 60s or perhaps even mid-70s at the time. At the same time, the Senate created the Counsel of Twenty vigintiviri to assist the two emperors in the task of opposing Maximinus.

Balbinus and Pupienus were two patricians and there was much resentment of the rich, noble class during this period of economic and political strife. A crowd had gathered at the Capitol and blocked the two new emperors from leaving hurling stones in their protest. The demanded that the new emperor should be selected from the Gordian family which was very popular among the people. The Senate had little choice and sent for the young 13 year old Gordian III, grandson of Gordian I and nephew of Gordian II. Thus in a compromise move, Gordian III was given the rank of Caesar.

The new regime assumed immediate control of affairs in Rome itself during early February in 238 AD. Maximinus by this time had reached the borders of Italy with his troops intent upon entering Rome. Pupienus, a man of very considerable military experience, began to gather what troops he could and set out to oppose Maximinus’ advance army.

Upon entering Italy, Maximinus came to the city of Aquileia on the coast of Northern Italy. The population closed its gates and refused him entry. Maximinus then began the siege of Aquileia. The Counsil of Twenty managed a blockaid to cut-off all supplies to Maximinus’ army. The tide was turned largely due to the fact that Maximinus’ Second Legion was from Latium and these Italian soldiers did not take pleasure in laying siege to their homeland. A plot emerged bwteen the Praetorian Guard and the Second Legion. Together they stormed Maximinus’ tent and killed him on the spot along with his son – Maximus Caesar.

Pupienus returned to Rome to cheerful crowds with the heads of Maximinus and his son. But the lure of power was already driving a wedge between the two elected joint Emperors. Balbinus was clearly jealous feeling that he had had the more distinguished political career while Pupienus believed his military career and victory gave him the honor of senior emperor. This clearly led to a division between the two Emperors and in the end, both lost whatever support they had won among the praetorian guard. Finally, the praetorians stormed the palace dragging the two Emperors naked through the streets of Rome. The joint Emperors were beaten and mutilated. Their hair torn out including their eyebrows. After this painful ordeal, they were finally taken to the praetorian camp and murdered on July 29th, 238 AD. The praetorians, who had always been loyal to the Gordians, then raised Gordian III to the rank of Augustus.

The reign of Balbinus and Pupienus was brief – 99 days in all. This saga illustrates the fate that so often fell upon even the most honorable men when power overruled reason.

Monetary System

Mints: Rome

Obverse legends:



AU Aureus (6.54 grams)
AU Quinarius (4.61 grams)
AR Antoninianus
AR Denarius
AR Quinarius
Æ Sesterius
Æ Dupondius
Æ As

849 thoughts on “Pupienus – 238 AD”

  1. Pingback: viagra cialis
  2. Pingback: cialis canada
  3. Pingback: Canada meds viagra
  4. Pingback: generic ventolin
  5. Pingback: acetaminophen
  6. Pingback: chloroquine virus
  7. Pingback: mens ed pills
  8. Pingback: best ed medication
  9. Pingback: top ed pills
  10. Pingback: walmart pharmacy
  11. Pingback: pharmacy online
  12. Pingback: online pharmacy
  13. Pingback: cialis visa
  14. Pingback: cialis online
  15. Pingback: vardenafil dosage
  16. Pingback: vardenafil usa
  17. Pingback: vardenafil
  18. Pingback: casinos
  19. Pingback: casino
  20. Pingback: short term loans
  21. Pingback: payday advance
  22. Pingback: viagra cost
  23. Pingback: echeck casino
  24. Pingback: cialis 5 mg
  25. Pingback: cialis 20
  26. Pingback: Bovada
  27. Pingback: cialis internet
  28. Pingback: cialis 20
  29. Pingback: cialis 5 mg
  30. Pingback: online casinos
  31. Pingback: online casino
  32. Pingback: online casinos
  33. Pingback: viagra alternative
  34. Pingback: herbal viagra
  35. Pingback: order viagra
  36. Pingback: viagra price
  37. Pingback: cialis pills
  38. Pingback: buy viagra now
  39. Pingback: buy viagra
  40. Pingback: viagra connect
  41. Pingback: genaric viagra
  42. Pingback: cheap cialis
  43. Pingback: cialis 5mg
  44. Pingback: online casinos
  45. Pingback: slot games
  46. Pingback: buy sildenafil
  47. Pingback: buy viagra online
  48. Pingback: generic name
  49. Pingback: liquid cialis
  50. Pingback: Viagra 200mg otc
  51. Pingback: online viagra
  52. Pingback: buy cialis
  53. Pingback: viagra alternative
  54. Pingback: cialis online
  55. Pingback: viagra generic
  56. Pingback: Cialis 40 mg cheap
  57. Pingback: buy cialis online
  58. Pingback: viagra dosage
  59. Pingback: buy cialis
  60. Pingback: buy cialis online
  61. Pingback: cialis price
  62. Pingback: online cialis
  63. Pingback: cheap cialis
  64. Pingback: ceclor nz
  65. Pingback: viagra for sale
  66. Pingback: cheapest ceftin
  67. Pingback: cheap cipro
  68. Pingback: buy viagra online
  69. Pingback: hollywood casino
  70. Pingback: chumba casino
  71. Pingback: cheap ed pills
  72. Pingback: casino games
  73. Pingback: casino online
  74. Pingback: generic cialis
  75. Pingback: how to fix ed
  76. Pingback: 50 tablet
  77. Pingback: viagra dose size
  78. Pingback: essays
  79. Pingback: buy essay cheap
  80. Pingback: clomid 100 mg otc
  81. Pingback: Viagra 50 mg
  82. Pingback: Viagra brand
  83. Pingback: coreg for sale
  84. Pingback: Brand viagra
  85. Pingback: generic viagra
  86. Pingback: viagra for sale
  87. Pingback: order elavil 25 mg
  88. Pingback: erythromycin otc
  89. Pingback: generic Nolvadex
  90. Pingback: hyzaar online
  91. Pingback: imdur 20 mg pills
  92. Pingback: imitrex 50mg uk
  93. Pingback: cheap imodium
  94. Pingback: viagra online usa
  95. Pingback: This Site
  96. Pingback: indocin cost
  97. Pingback: buy generic viagra
  98. Pingback: levaquin australia
  99. Pingback: buy lopressor
  100. Pingback: order luvox
  101. Pingback: ed drugs generic
  102. Pingback: mestinon otc
  103. Pingback: micardis tablets
  104. Pingback: Valtrex
  105. Pingback: generic for viagra
  106. Pingback: motrin price
  107. Pingback: buy nortriptyline
  108. Pingback: phenergan 25mg usa
  109. Pingback: prevacid 30 mg nz
  110. Pingback: viagra online usa
  111. Pingback: proair inhaler otc
  112. Pingback: cheap viagra
  113. Pingback: proscar 5mg nz
  114. Pingback: allegra 2
  115. Pingback: cheap revatio 20mg
  116. Pingback: rogaine 5% pills
  117. Pingback: how to buy viagra
  118. Pingback: tenormin australia
  119. Pingback: buy viagra
  120. Pingback: order voltaren
  121. Pingback: zanaflex prices
  122. Pingback: try this out
  123. Pingback: zocor 40mg pills
  124. Pingback: zyprexa otc
  125. Pingback: where to buy zyvox
  126. Pingback: furosemide price
  127. Pingback: aripiprazole price
  128. Pingback: spironolactone nz
  129. Pingback: atomoxetine coupon
  130. Pingback: buy sildenafil
  131. Pingback: order buspirone
  132. Pingback: cefuroxime nz
  133. Pingback: cialis generic
  134. Pingback: tadalafil 20 mg
  135. Pingback: female viagra 2021
  136. Pingback: warfarin 5 mg otc
  137. Pingback: cheap tolterodine
  138. Pingback: acetazolamide cost
  139. Pingback: phenytoin otc
  140. Pingback: bisacodyl pharmacy
  141. Pingback: venlafaxine usa
  142. Pingback: viagra generic
  143. Pingback: tadalafil
  144. Pingback: envunvyo
  145. Pingback: male ed pills
  146. Pingback: best ed treatment
  147. Pingback: viagra pill
  148. Pingback: lasix generic name
  149. Pingback: noroxin online
  150. Pingback: trimox capsules
  151. Pingback: ceftin generic
  152. Pingback: propranolol otc
  153. Pingback: viagra non generic
  154. Pingback: cialis 20 image
  155. Pingback: order lamotrigine
  156. Pingback: terbinafine pills
  157. Pingback: levofloxacin price
  158. Pingback: ivermectin ireland
  159. Pingback: mexican viagra
  160. Pingback: zithromax z-pak
  161. Pingback: metoprolol cheap
  162. Pingback: viagra cost
  163. Pingback: prednisolone use
  164. Pingback: clomid infertility
  165. Pingback: ed pills online
  166. Pingback: neurontin pills
  167. Pingback: clomid tablet
  168. Pingback: amoxicillin 825 mg
  169. Pingback: propeciaforlesscom
  170. Pingback: pharmacy express
  171. Pingback: website
  172. Pingback: best pills for ed
  173. Pingback: how to treat ed
  174. Pingback: viagra online usa
  175. Pingback: п»їviagra pills
  176. Pingback: mens erections
  177. Pingback: treatment for ed
  178. Pingback: buy stromectol uk
  179. Pingback: plaquenil 0.2
  180. Pingback: ivermectin 2ml
  181. Pingback: the best ed pills
  182. Pingback: plaquenil 500
  183. Pingback: cialiscanada
  184. Pingback: st martin viagra
  185. Pingback: viagra aderal
  186. Pingback: zithromax buy
  187. Pingback: treatment of ed
  188. Pingback: cialis online fast
  189. Pingback: prednisone 20mg nz
  190. Pingback: propecia acquisto
  191. Pingback: zithramax 5 day
  192. Pingback: furosemide tablets
  193. Pingback: plaquenil
  194. Pingback: avana usa
  195. Pingback: modafinil
  196. Pingback: ivermectin pills
  197. Pingback: furosemide 200 mg
  198. Pingback: neurontin 400mg
  199. Pingback: ventolin.com
  200. Pingback: zithromax 200mg
  201. Pingback: albuterol rx price
  202. Pingback: ivermectin 3 mg
  203. Pingback: tadala
  204. Pingback: hims sildenafil
  205. Pingback: sildenafil mexico
  206. Pingback: ivermectine kopen
  207. Pingback: proventil ventolin
  208. Pingback: flccc
  209. Pingback: tizanidine otc
  210. Pingback: latisse sale
  211. Pingback: cost tamoxifen
  212. Pingback: aralen best price
  213. Pingback: stromectol covid
  214. Pingback: cost of stromectol
  215. Pingback: ivermectin uk buy
  216. Pingback: stromectol tablets
  217. Pingback: tadalafil for sale
  218. Pingback: stromectol 0.5 mg
  219. Pingback: 100mg viagra
  220. Pingback: best tadalafil
  221. Pingback: online viagra
  222. Pingback: what is tadalafil
  223. Pingback: ivermectin 10 ml
  224. Pingback: cialis for bph
  225. Pingback: cialis generic
  226. Pingback: herbal viagra
  227. Pingback: cialis tablets
  228. Pingback: ivermectin generic
  229. Pingback: cialis price
  230. Pingback: ivermectin 90 mg
  231. Pingback: ivermectin 0.5%
  232. Pingback: ivermectin pills
  233. Pingback: stromectol
  234. Pingback: ivermectin ontario
  235. Pingback: ivermectin 4
  236. Pingback: lucky land
  237. Pingback: ivermectine mylan
  238. Pingback: ivermectin cena
  239. Pingback: ivermectin can
  240. Pingback: bahis siteleri
  241. Pingback: 3unravel
  242. Pingback: pornoizle}
  243. Pingback: A片
  244. Pingback: german porno
  245. Pingback: bdsm porno
  246. Pingback: new porn
  247. Pingback: busty porno
  248. Pingback: bdsm porno
  249. Pingback: teen porn
  250. Pingback: lasix doses
  251. Pingback: good rx mirapex
  252. Pingback: anker earbuds
  253. Pingback: Quality standards
  254. Pingback: Values and ethics
  255. Pingback: Economics
  256. Pingback: what is stromectol
  257. Pingback: exams system
  258. Pingback: Tamer Hosny
  259. Pingback: virus C research
  260. Pingback: Alumni network
  261. Pingback: faretti a binario
  262. Pingback: panantukan
  263. Pingback: presse pectoraux
  264. Pingback: Fiverr Earn
  265. Pingback: Fiverr Earn
  266. Pingback: Fiverr Earn
  267. Pingback: Fiverr Earn
  268. Pingback: Fiverr Earn
  269. Pingback: Fiverr Earn
  270. Pingback: Fiverr Earn
  271. Pingback: fiverrearn.com
  272. Pingback: fiverrearn.com
  273. Pingback: fiverrearn.com
  274. Pingback: fiverrearn.com
  275. Pingback: fiverrearn.com
  276. Pingback: fiverrearn.com
  277. Pingback: hair loss
  278. Pingback: endopump
  279. Pingback: Freight Broker
  280. Pingback: liv pure mediprime
  281. Pingback: fiverrearn.com
  282. Pingback: fiverrearn.com
  283. Pingback: fiverrearn.com
  284. Pingback: fiverrearn.com
  285. Pingback: frenchie colors
  286. Pingback: frenchie san diego
  287. Pingback: bernedoodles
  288. Pingback: exotic bullies
  289. Pingback: dog breed
  290. Pingback: seo in Japan
  291. Pingback: french bulldog
  292. Pingback: bitcoin
  293. Pingback: jewelry
  294. Pingback: Silver earrings
  295. Pingback: smartphones
  296. Pingback: top Samsung phones
  297. Pingback: future university
  298. Pingback: future university
  299. Pingback: drip bucket hat
  300. Pingback: slot online
  301. Pingback: future university
  302. Pingback: Packing materials
  303. Pingback: Classic Books 500
  304. Pingback: FiverrEarn

Comments are closed.